By Neha Pranav Kolh & Krishna Kumar Dhote
Procedia Technology, Volume 24, 2016, Pages 1699–1705
Abstract: In recent years urbanization has become synonym to development. Developing countries like India has experienced huge shift in the economy from agrarian base to service oriented employment. Indian cities unlike the western are not planned; they evolve in layers as a testimony to different period. The settlement may be organic, with heterogeneity yet very well reflects the interwoven social fabric. As a result of urbanization the urban sprawl is approaching the rural hinterlands. The line of distinction is fading away between urban and rural. A new type of settlement is emerging which once termed as conurbation by the Scottish planner Patrick Geddes. The area with diffusion of urban and rural activities is termed as RURBAN. These rurban centres are new emerging towns that are governed by rural local bodies, the activities possess in these areas are urban in nature. The paper attempts to develop a understanding of issues and challenges, possibilities and potential and development guidelines for this upcoming new centres of urban growth.
NSS Report No. 564: Employment and Unemployment situation in cities and towns in India (68th Round, 2011-2012)
This report is based on the employment and unemployment survey conducted in the 68th round of NSS during July 2011 to June 2012. In this report, estimates of the employment and unemployment indicators are presented for each of the class 1 cities, for size class 2 towns and for size class 3 towns.
Changes in WPR among persons of age 15 years and above between 2004-05 and 2011-12 for different size class of towns: Over the period 2004-05 and 2011-12, WPR for males of age 15 years and above decreased by about 2 percentage points for size class 3 towns as well as class 1 cities whereas it decreased by about 3 percentage points for size class 2 towns, while WPR for females decreased by nearly 6 percentage points for size class 3 towns and by 4 percentage
points for size class 2 towns and it remained almost at the same level for class 1 cities.
Self-employed persons: Among male workers in class 1 cities, about 37.9 per cent were self-employed and this proportion was about 42.7 per cent in size class 2 towns and 44.9 per cent in size class 3 towns and the corresponding proportions for females were 35.7 per cent, 42.5 per cent and 50.5 per cent for class 1 cities, size class 2 towns and size class 3 towns, respectively.
Casual labourers: Proportion of casual labourers among males was 7.5 per cent, 15.9 per cent and 21.2 per cent, respectively, for class 1 cities, size class 2 towns and size class 3 towns whereas the corresponding proportion for females was 6.5 per cent, 14.5 per cent and 22.2 per cent.
Highlights From Census Of India 2011
By Dr C Chandramouli, PPT Presentation
Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India
15th March 2013
Procedure for Identifying Urban Areas:
- Prior to Census an elaborate exercise is undertaken to identify Urban Areas
- Updated list of villages and towns prepared after incorporating the jurisdictional changes that have taken place after 2001 Census and up to 31st December 2009
- Identification of Census Towns carried out by applying the urban criteria to all villages including Census Towns and Out Growths of Census 2001
- The Census Towns are not declassified if they fail to meet the criteria on the basis of Census 2011.
by Dr C. Chandramouli, a PPT presentation
Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India
“In all 1.73 crore census houses have been reported in houselisting blocks, categorised as slums in India, comprising 1.37 crore slum households.
In 19 cities with million-plus population, 25 per cent of households live in slums.
A majority-71 per cent- of these are located in six states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
90 per cent of slum households use electricity, 70 per cent slum households have television, 72.7 per cent have telephone facility while 10.4 per cent households have computer or laptop in their house.
In 2001, there were 23.5 per cent of households in urban areas which were living in slums. It has now come down to 17.4 per cent. But there are still 17.35 million slum houses, 13.74 million slum households and we have 68 million people living in the slum areas as 2011 census.
A report by the Indian Institute for Human Settlements
India’s urban transition, a once in history phenomenon, has the potential to shift the country’s social, environmental, political and economic trajectory – a transition to be reckoned with. IIHS originally produced this book for the India Urban Conference: Evidence and Experience (IUC 2011), a series of events designed to raise the salience of urban challenges and opportunities in the ongoing debate on India’s development. The Urban India 2011: Evidence also marks the initiation of a series of thematic Urban Atlases in collaboration with leading scholars and practitioners.
Performance Audit on Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Housing and Urban poverty Alleviation
Report No. – 15 of 2012-13 for the period ended March 2012
The census of India 2011 has put online the data about the cities and urban agglomeration having population one lakh and above. There is data on population by sex, 0-6 years old population, and number of literates.
See the link.
To raise the awareness amongst the population, the Government of India has launched a Census 2011 Facebook page. It is not necessary to subscribe on Facebook to access the page and some interesting informations are available, notably on the debate of the defintition of urban area in different countries. Moreover, there are some links to online papers on topics relative to the census. See the link.
A second Facebook page on the census 2011 exists, with a dozen of link to papers from Times of India and Youtube videos relative to census. Unfortunately, the page is not updated since February. See the link.
The UIDSSMT is the most important scheme from the Ministry of Urban Development targeting the small towns. This scheme is a component of Jawahar Lal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM). On he link below a lots of data can be found on the way this scheme is implemented and the funds are shared between states and between towns.
See the link
Based on the 2011 census database this table shows for all the Indian districts the urban and rural decadal growth between 2001 and 2011, the level of urbanisation and the administrative changes of town status by differencing census towns, statutory towns and villages.
Census 2011 put provisional urban data online at the state level: number and type of administrative unit, urban-rural distribution of total population, child, literacy, etc. . See the link